PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF PAIN – Pain Medicine
Pain is usually the result of tissue damage. The type of pain is determined by the type of tissue that is damaged.
Nerve damage may cause pain that is burning, stinging or shooting in character.
Joint pain is typically described as a dull, sometime sharp ache that is exacerbated by movement.
Muscle injury usually causes cramping pain.
Inflammation is typically associated with tissue injury.
Different types of pain may arise from damage to one organ or system. For instance, arthritis of the spine may cause deep aching pain, muscle pain from cramps and if the arthritis leads to nerve damage, the pain might be burning and shooting in character.
Medications are therefore tailored to treat pain based on the type of tissue that is injured.
Acetaminophen is a mild pain relieving agent and fever reducer.
Anti-inflammatory medication reduce the pain associated with swelling.
Muscle relaxers reduce pain from muscle cramping and spasms.
Adjunct medications may help reduce nerve sensitivity and are important in managing pain from peripheral neuropathy and other forms of nerve damage. These include medications such as gabapentin, topiramide, pregabalin and Cymbalta.
Narcotics inhibit morphine receptors in the nervous system thus reducing pain.
Therapies to manage pain are tailored specifically for the type of pain. Your physician will inform you regarding the best therapy to address your type of pain.